Socotra is a small archipelago, consisting of four islands in the Indian Ocean, 250 km from Somalia and 340 km from Yemen, belonging to the Republic of Yemen. It is the largest island in the Middle East, with 125 km long and 45 km wide. In Sanskrit, Socotra means the ‘’island of happiness’’. On Socotra Island are 700 species of flora and fauna extremely rare, of which one third is endemic so they cannot be found anywhere else on Earth. Socotra Island for decades was known as the Galapagos of the Indian Ocean. Here there are wide beaches stretching over a plenty of caves, so is a weird stunning landscape, hard to ‘’digest’’, but with an incredible splendour. A very interesting aspect is that on this island the plants and trees have kept their geological isolation, so it is a source of valuable resin for varnishes, dyes and medicines. Island is in the UNESCO World Heritage.
One of the fascinating aspects of this island is the Desert Rose; it looks like a blooming elephant leg when reaching adulthood or the Dragon Blood Tree. The Island is a paradise for birds, with 140 different species of birds, 10 of which are unique in the world, as Socotra and cormorants.
Socotra is not an island visited by too many tourists, access is more difficult and also because of the dry climate, high and unfriendly heat. Therefore is considered a ‘’desert island’’, although it has more than 40,000 inhabitants. Tourists, who dare to such a thrilling experience, will gain greater vision, not found in everyday life and the pictures taken will be among the best, because landscapes seem to emerge from another world.