La Sagrada Família - Barcelona, Spain

La Sagrada Familia is an impressive cathedral in the capital of Catalonia, in Barcelona and Antoni Gaudi's impressive work, being one of the most visited monuments of Barcelona and one of the most famous buildings in the world.

The architecture of the building is unique and has hundreds of interesting and original characteristics. The official name is ‘’Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Família’’ and is part of the UNESCO world heritage.

The construction of La Sagrada Familia began in 1882 and has not been completed. Initially, it was conceived by the Catalan publisher Josep Bocabella. The work was started by the architect Francesc de Paula Villar in a traditional neo-Gothic style but unfortunately or not, the two of them have not agreed to some aspects and Gaudi took over the project. Gaudi did not live to see his finished work, but part of his soul is in the stately Basilica, in the crypt where the body finds its eternal rest.

For 43 years, Gaudi added original Gothic structures and bizarre towers like chimneys, Sagrada Familia remaining a great masterpiece of the architect, even if it was not finished yet and the construction of this church will continue for at least several decades. The Neo Gothic style has been replaced by Gaudi's modernist style, which was based on shapes found in nature.

Although it is called "cathedral", the building is actually a basilica, as established Pope Benedict XVI in 2010. The cathedral is the seat of an archbishop, while the basilica is a church bigger, with more rights received from the Pope.

La Sagrada Familia is in the form of a Latin cross, with five ships, two to a side and two to another of the central nave, separated by rows of columns inclined inwards. Its architecture manages to embody the vision of Gaudi, about God and all that is divine.

When it will be completed, Sagrada Familia will have no less than 18 towers. Four towers on each of the three facades will represent the 12 apostles. Four towers will represent the four evangelists. These towers will surround the tallest of towers, dedicated to Jesus Christ. The 18th century tower will be raised above the altar and will be dedicated to the Virgin Mary. The height of the tallest tower will be one meter less than the adjoining hill, Montjuic, because Gaudi believed that his work should not surpass that of God.

La Sagrada Familia is a unique example of Art Nouveau architecture of Gaudi and is full of symbolism and religious meaning. The basilica has three facades, full of deeply symbolism: the Nativity façade to the East, the Passion façade to the West, and the Glory façade to the South (yet to be finished). Each has three gates, representing Faith, Hope and Love. Inside Sagrada Familia there will be symbols dedicated to the religious concepts such as saints, virtues and sins, and secular concepts such as regions of Spain. You can take the elevator to the top of the facade of the Nativity and to the Passion facade, or you can opt to climb 400 steps.

After 131 years since the foundation stone was laid, the construction of the Sagrada Familia cathedral, the symbol of Barcelona, ​​is nearing completion after 144 years, promises Sagrada Familia Foundation. In the video below you'll see the various additions that will be made ​​in the coming years, as the architect Jordi Faul and its team will continue to add novelty and beauty to this remarkable edifice. You will see a context for the huge scale of the edifice and the central tower of the Sagrada Familia will be measured upon completion, 172 meters in height, thus becoming the most imposing church in the world.

Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RcDmloG3tXU

 

Prices for individuals:

Sagrada Familia with a Guide 19,30 €

Sagrada Familia with a Guide and Towers 23,80€

Sagrada Familia with Audio guide 19,30€

Sagrada Familia with Audio guide and Towers 23,80€

Sagrada Familia and visit to the Towers 19,30€

Sagrada Familia+Gaudí House Museum (Park Güell) 18,30€

Sagrada Familia 14,80€

Gaudí House Museum (Park Güell) 5,50€

Free for: Friends of the Church, children up to 10, persons with a 65% or higher accredited disability + 1 accompanying person.

OPENING HOURS

  • Basilica - From 09:00 h to 20:00 h
  • October to March, 9 a.m. - 6 p.m.
  • April to September, 9 a.m. - 8 p.m.
  • 25 and 26 December and 1 and 6 January, 9 a.m. – 2 p.m.
  • Crypt - Monday to Friday, 9 a.m. to 10 a.m. and 6 p.m. to 9 p.m.

           Saturdays, Sundays and holidays, 9 a.m. to 2 p.m. and 6 p.m. to 9 p.m.

Information found on the official website: http://visit.sagradafamilia.cat/#tickets

 

Barcelona Travel Tips

  • Barcelona card offers free transport, free entrance to some museums, free admission to 23 different attractions and discounts at many museums, shops and restaurants.
  • The card can be purchased for a period of 2 to 5 days with prices between 35 and 60 Euros. Good to know: you can get additional discounts if you buy online and also you have included a city and metro map.
  • Local currency is Euro.
  • Shopping period starts in the first week of July until the end of August and the winter sales begin in the second week of January until the end of February.

Barcelona is a city of numerous shopping areas.

  • Passeig de Gracia is the longest avenue of Barcelona. Here you can find numerous shops of the most famous fashion houses and also small shops with souvenirs and decorations.
  • Catalonia's market with El Corte Ingles department store
  • Avinguda Diagonal with many shops and malls
  • Rambla de Catalunya
  • Malls- Mare Magnum, Diagonal Mar, llla Diagonal, Las Arenas, Corte Ingles
  • Outside of town: La Roca Village Outlet - from Passeig de Gracia, no 6, take a 50 minutes express coach operated by Sagalés. The price is 12 Euros/person roundtrip. Here you can find all the well-known clothes shops and home products. The prices are quite affordable.

What to visit

  1. La Sagrada Familia - Antoni Gaudi's famous creation is a huge temple, whose construction began in 1882 and is not finished yet. Inside the cathedral there is a museum that provides details about the building's history and about the fascinating personality of Gaudi, whose tomb is in the crypt of the cathedral.
  2. Casa Mila ( La Pedrera) - another Gaudi masterpiece, famous for its unusual facade and fancy terrace, La Pedrera was declared a UNESCO monument.
  3. Seu Cathedral - an outstanding example of Gothic architecture.
  4. Casa Battlo – a part of the Manzana de Discordia, an architectural complex consisting of three different buildings, designed by different designers. Gaudi designed a surreal building, inspired especially by the marine world.
  5. Picasso Museum - is an edifice dedicated to the art of Pablo Picasso, whose works are arranged chronologically, showing thus the evolution of his work.
  6. Galeria Joan Miró in Montjuïc Park – is dedicated to the artist Joan Miro, the exhibition offering a surreal art that fits into the overall picture of the city.
  7. The Chocolate Museum - as it is named, here you will find chocolate in different shapes and colors, the museum having also a café, where visitors can sip a hot chocolate or enjoy chocolate candies.
  8. Güell Park - is a masterpiece of Barcelona due to its unique shape, the ingenuity with which it was created and especially because offers an astounding view over the Barcelona, ​​which is seen here absolutely fascinating.
  9. FC Barcelona Football Club Museum - a museum that offers football fans a sporty delight of many cups obtained during the years of the club team, anecdotal about VIPs and many other things.
  10. National Art Museum of Catalonia - offers a huge collection of works of Roman and Gothic art periods as well as a panoramic view that can be admired from the terrace of the building.

 

 

 

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