La Sagrada Familia is an impressive cathedral in the capital of Catalonia, in Barcelona and Antoni Gaudi's impressive work, being one of the most visited monuments of Barcelona and one of the most famous buildings in the world.
The architecture of the building is unique and has hundreds of interesting and original characteristics. The official name is ‘’Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Família’’ and is part of the UNESCO world heritage.
The construction of La Sagrada Familia began in 1882 and has not been completed. Initially, it was conceived by the Catalan publisher Josep Bocabella. The work was started by the architect Francesc de Paula Villar in a traditional neo-Gothic style but unfortunately or not, the two of them have not agreed to some aspects and Gaudi took over the project. Gaudi did not live to see his finished work, but part of his soul is in the stately Basilica, in the crypt where the body finds its eternal rest.
For 43 years, Gaudi added original Gothic structures and bizarre towers like chimneys, Sagrada Familia remaining a great masterpiece of the architect, even if it was not finished yet and the construction of this church will continue for at least several decades. The Neo Gothic style has been replaced by Gaudi's modernist style, which was based on shapes found in nature.
Although it is called "cathedral", the building is actually a basilica, as established Pope Benedict XVI in 2010. The cathedral is the seat of an archbishop, while the basilica is a church bigger, with more rights received from the Pope.
La Sagrada Familia is in the form of a Latin cross, with five ships, two to a side and two to another of the central nave, separated by rows of columns inclined inwards. Its architecture manages to embody the vision of Gaudi, about God and all that is divine.
When it will be completed, Sagrada Familia will have no less than 18 towers. Four towers on each of the three facades will represent the 12 apostles. Four towers will represent the four evangelists. These towers will surround the tallest of towers, dedicated to Jesus Christ. The 18th century tower will be raised above the altar and will be dedicated to the Virgin Mary. The height of the tallest tower will be one meter less than the adjoining hill, Montjuic, because Gaudi believed that his work should not surpass that of God.
La Sagrada Familia is a unique example of Art Nouveau architecture of Gaudi and is full of symbolism and religious meaning. The basilica has three facades, full of deeply symbolism: the Nativity façade to the East, the Passion façade to the West, and the Glory façade to the South (yet to be finished). Each has three gates, representing Faith, Hope and Love. Inside Sagrada Familia there will be symbols dedicated to the religious concepts such as saints, virtues and sins, and secular concepts such as regions of Spain. You can take the elevator to the top of the facade of the Nativity and to the Passion facade, or you can opt to climb 400 steps.
After 131 years since the foundation stone was laid, the construction of the Sagrada Familia cathedral, the symbol of Barcelona, is nearing completion after 144 years, promises Sagrada Familia Foundation. In the video below you'll see the various additions that will be made in the coming years, as the architect Jordi Faul and its team will continue to add novelty and beauty to this remarkable edifice. You will see a context for the huge scale of the edifice and the central tower of the Sagrada Familia will be measured upon completion, 172 meters in height, thus becoming the most imposing church in the world.
Prices for individuals:
Sagrada Familia with a Guide 19,30 €
Sagrada Familia with a Guide and Towers 23,80€
Sagrada Familia with Audio guide 19,30€
Sagrada Familia with Audio guide and Towers 23,80€
Sagrada Familia and visit to the Towers 19,30€
Sagrada Familia+Gaudí House Museum (Park Güell) 18,30€
Sagrada Familia 14,80€
Gaudí House Museum (Park Güell) 5,50€
Free for: Friends of the Church, children up to 10, persons with a 65% or higher accredited disability + 1 accompanying person.
Saturdays, Sundays and holidays, 9 a.m. to 2 p.m. and 6 p.m. to 9 p.m.
Information found on the official website: http://visit.sagradafamilia.cat/#tickets
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