Pamukkale – The Cotton Castle of Turkey
In Pamukkale, you will find a surreal landscape, petrified waterfalls, snow-white terraced pools National Park and abundantly deserving the "Pearl of Turkey."
Located in Turkey, Denizli region, Pamukkale is where you can admire many natural thermal pools. Pamukkale entered in the legend through the Fountain of Cleopatra, whose waters are said to bring eternal youth. From Kusadasi is easily to reach Pamukkale, in approximately 4, 5 hours by car.
The emblem of Pamukkale is the castle high on the hill, 2,700 m long and 160 m high, represents an imposing construction that can be spotted from 20 km away from the city Denizili. Due to numerous tectonic movements, nature has created a fascinating panorama of Pamukkale, which reveals the famous limestone baths. Limestone was shaped by earthquakes that occurred here and layered, so they created a kind of stage. Subsequently, the water flowed on the steps of forming small craters dug into the limestone. Water in the area is thermal and contains hydrogen and calcium, allowing once again flourishing tourism. These are in the form of white terraces, big and wavy, dotted with pools of water reflecting the same time, the sky and the white walls.
Springs reputation dates from 190 BC Then, Eumenes II, king of the Greek city of Pergamon, located near the western shore of Turkey, founded the city of Hierapolis on the shelf with these springs, the town named in the honor of Hier, the wife of the legendary founder of Pergamon, Telefus. This city was included in the Roman Empire in 129 BC and was praised as a "resort" for many emperors, including Nero and Hadrian, who came to drink and bathe in these natural springs.
In very good condition is the theater of marbles blocks, the monumental gate, and the Roman baths along the way, the triumphal arch and the Byzantine gate. The Roman bath was renovated and today is the local museum. On a shelf in the top of the mountain are the ruins of the ancient city of Hierapolis, where you need time to visit it, and there are also basins, the ‘’Cleopatra Pool'', that are heated by thermal springs, where you can bathe, for a fee or you can enjoy a meal at a restaurant, or buy souvenirs. It’s well to visit Pumukkale in autumn or spring, considering in summer there are high temperatures.
Take extra care as the afternoon sun reflected from the white cliffs and barren is dazzling, so you should really take your sunglasses, hat or cap and sunscreen cream, and also a swimsuit, to bathe in turquoise waters. Also, comfortable shoes, such as slippers, or something like that, you should not miss, because the distances between travertine and the remains which are above, are quite large and tiring. In conclusion, Pamukkale is a special place of tremendous beauty and an impressive history that is worth visiting.