Beijing is located in Northeast China; in fact, his name means "Northern Capital". It is the third largest city in the country after Chongqing and Shanghai. In 2008 the city hosted the 26th Olympic Games. In the imperial period, the city was known as Peking. Beijing is also named one of the "four great ancient capitals of China". Now in Beijing there are 16 districts and two counties.
Beijing International Airport is located in the north of the city, 25 km from it, being the largest airport of the country. Beijing Capital Airport has three terminals - T1, T2 and T3. Each Terminal has its own airport shuttle bus terminal.
The most visited attractions in Beijing
· Great Wall of China is a huge structure in length, 6.430 km, but only some parts can be visited. The most famous is: Badaling, located 70 km from the capital, Beijing. Annually here are thousands of tourists so it can be very crowned. Great Wall is outside of Beijing and ticket price is around 30 Euros, it can be bought from the tourist information points.
· The Forbidden City is the grandest and the most spectacular treasure of Chinese, housing 32 hectares for Ming and Qing dynasties. The palace walls are tall, covering a huge area and the decorated roofs, represents the Chinese tradition, reflected in the spectacular buildings that compose the palace. The Forbidden City contains 980 buildings and 8707 bathrooms.
· The Summer Palace is 15 km from Beijing, has a big size and an impressive architecture. Is even more exciting to admire it from a boat where your photos will look exceptional.
· Tiananmen Square is guiding your steps towards the main objectives and attractions of Beijing.
· Hu Tong is the old part of Beijing and is the only well preserved aria throughout the city.
· Sanlitun is the area dedicated to clubs, bars, restaurants and malls.
· 798 - Art District in Beijing is a super interesting area full of art galleries, boutiques, restaurants and cafes with bohemian flair.
· Beijing Zoo is one of the most famous tourist destinations of the city and is popular for its panda’s bears. It is the largest zoo in the country.
· Peking Opera is a unique combination of songs, dialogues, acrobatics, music and more interesting activities.
· Qianmen Gate is the only gate of Beijing that remained intact and is called ‘’the gate facing the sun'' (Zhengyang men)
· The Underground City is near Qianmen Gate and occupies 85 square kilometres, being a copy of the surface city
· Buddha Asleep Temple (Wofo Si) is in the west part of the city, in the Xishan and the temple represents the Buddha lying on one side. It is 5.3 meters long.
· Lama Temple (Yonghe Gong) has the famous statue, which entered in Guinness Book because was made from a single tree trunk with an incredible size of 18 meters.
· Temple of Confucius (Kong Miao) with the Tower Drum and Bell Tower, which is 38 meters high and beat for hundreds of years every night at 7 PM.
Other must see attractions: Temple of Heaven, Tian `anmen market includes Tian` anmen (Gate of Heavenly Peace), Great Hall of the People, The National Museum of China, Monument of the Heroes, Mao Zedong Mausoleum and the ruins of the Old Summer Palace, Opera Yheng You Beijing and Beijing Old Observatory.
Outside Beijing, there are the most important attractions: The Great Chinese Wall and the Ming Dynasty Tomb.
The capital enjoys four distinct seasons. July is the hottest month with 24 degrees Celsius, while January is the coldest with -7 degrees Celsius. Spring and autumn are the shortest seasons. April, May, June, September and October are the best time to travel to Beijing.
In Beijing there is a system of rental bicycles, one of the most preferred and cheaper transport. The most convenient and fastest way of transportation is the subway, but during peak hours it gets very crowded.
Currency: 100 CNY = 12, 06 EUR
= 16, 5 USD
The official currency in China is the Renminbi (RBM). The basic unit is the yuan.
You can exchange cash at most banks and also hotels have a money exchange counter. To change money you will need you passport.
Major credit cards such as Master Card, Visa, JCB and American Express can be used to purchase goods in large department stores but it’s good to know that credit cards cannot be used in small restaurants or small convenience stores.
Visa Information: From Jan. 1, 2013, passport holders of 51 countries and regions including USA, UK, Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Denmark, Netherlands, Spain, etc. are granted a visa-free stay of up to 72 hours when taking an international transfer via Beijing Capital Airport. For more detailed information visit the website: http://www.travelchinaguide.com/embassy/visa/free-72hour/
· Holiday Inn Express Beijing Dongzhimen - 3 star hotel, just a 15-minute walk from the popular Sanlitun Bar Street. Prices start from 63 EUR / night, double room.
· Sofitel Wanda Beijing - 4 star hotel, a luxury hotel with quality services, in the centre of Beijing, located in front of New World Department Store, a 3-minute walk from Subway Station Dawanglu, Shin Kong Place, a big shopping mall, is a 5-minute walk away. Prices start from 110 euro / night, double deluxe room.
· Novotel Beijing Peace – 4 star hotel, centrally located in the shopping area of Wangfujing, Novotel Beijing Peace is just 5 minutes walk from the metro station Dengshikou (line 5) and 10 minutes walk from the metro station Dongdan (line 1). Prices start from 70 EUR / night, double room.
· The Opposite House -5 star hotel, is located in Taikoo Li Sanlitun in the heart of Beijing and has some dreamlike studios. Prices start from 258 EUR/night.
· Wang Fu Jing Commercial Street
· Wudaokou - a famous shopping centre
· Yashow Market - known as Silk Market is mostly visited by the foreigners
· Silk Street - a huge variety of products
In Beijing, stores are open daily from 8:00 am to 6:00 and sometimes 7:00 pm and the markets tend to open the same time but have more flexible closing hours.
For more information about the main arteries of shopping & malls, visit the website: http://www.beijingpage.com/shopping/#stores_malls
Food & Leisure
What to eat in Beijing:
· Peking duck or Beijing Duck is best known for the thin, crispy skin & rich taste
· Zhajiangmian - noodles with soybean paste
· Aiwowo - glutinous rice ball
· Rolling Donkey
· Tuckahoe Pie
· Shredded Potato
Restaurants: Jin Yang Restaurant, T.G.I. Friday's, Li Family Restaurant;
McDonald's is the most popular fast food in the city. Also in Beijing it is the largest McDonald’s, located on an area of 2.6 square kilometres and having 29 cash registers.
Beijing Festivals and Events
· Longqing Gorge Ice and Snow Festival - Jan. 10, 2014 to Feb. 28, 2014
· Beijing Changdian Temple Fair – February 2014
· Huangyaguan Great Wall Marathon - May 2014
· Beijing International Peach Blossom Music Festival - April 2014
· Beijing’s Daxing Watermelon Festival - May. 28, 2014 to May. 28, 2014
· Beijing International Imported Food Exhibition - Apr. 26, 2014 to Apr. 28, 2014
· Beijing International Long-Distance Running Festival - Apr. 2014